Acne and blackheads scars, especially if they occur on the face, seem to be a completely unfair punishment for many people. After the efforts made to get rid of acne, now there is another to face, no less serious of an aesthetic problem!
However, doctors of several specialties are actively working on a resolution from this, i.e. plastic surgeons, dermatologists, cosmetologists, and pharmacologists. In this article, we will talk about some techniques that help remove annoying scars.
- The Cause of Scars
- Different Techniques Aimed to Get Rid of Scars
- The Benefits of Cosmetic Procedures
- Getting Rid of Scars at Home
- Prevent Scarring
The Cause of Scars
Generally, this deformation takes place when the skin has been severely damaged and unable fully recover itself in areas, where pimples or acne previously existed. As a result, the empty space is filled with thick connective (scar) tissue — our bodies close the wound in this way, but, unfortunately, do not take into account the aesthetic side of the issue at the same time.
- One of the most common causes of scarring is an effort to cope with pimples by squeezing. In addition, it is worth remembering that in this “self-medication” it is more likely to spread the infection to other areas of the skin.
- Untimely or wrongly treated acne. Long-term disorders of the sebaceous glands are accompanied by clogging the pores with excess sebum, bacteria breeding, as well as extensive inflammation and the formation of pustules, which seriously injure the skin.
Depending on the individual characteristics of the body and the nature of the regeneration processes, which take place in the skin, scars of one of three types can occur after the acne:
- Atrophic — the most common variant, caused by a small increase of connective tissue, they look like holes of different size, shape, and depth;
- Keloid (keloids) — the result of excessive growth of connective tissue. Red or purple thick smooth scars of irregular shape can grow quite far beyond the damaged area;
- Hypertrophic — they look the same as keloids, but they are not prone to the growth.
Different Techniques Aimed to Get Rid of Scars
There are three main groups of techniques that can help make post-acne scars almost invisible:
- Non-surgical — topical medications, aimed at removing scars, are presented in the domestic market in a large assortment. Their constituent active ingredients stimulate the regenerative processes in the skin, soften roughened tissues, and make the scars less noticeable. These medications can cope with fresh consequences of blackheads and pimples but are not very effective when dealing with older scars of 1 a half – 2 years old or more. Most often they are used in combination with other techniques, enhancing their effect.
- Cosmetic — various hardware and chemical methods to even and smoothen the skin. They differ in the degree of aggression, they are often quite painful and may involve a rehabilitation period, but they are of highly efficient.
- Surgical — this type of treatment is used in the most serious scar defects; in the case of acne they are usually not recommended. After surgical intervention, small cosmetic scars, that will also need to be removed and brightened, may still remain.
As a rule, a complex of several techniques is used. It is prepared by a specialist (dermatologist or beautician), taking into account the depth of the scars, their location on the face and body, the initial state of the skin and the body of the patient. The depth and size of the scar will be taken into account, which will depend on the length of treatment and how aggressive it will need to be.
Creams, serums, ointments and gels, aimed at getting rid of post-acne, contain 100% silicone and remove or reduce scars of any types, they are safe for the skin, do not cause allergic reactions and have no side effects. The most popular product to remove scars is “Regen-D”. The gel removes stretch marks after pregnancy, scars from injuries and operations, keloid and hypertrophic scars, scars from burns and other scars. It must be rubbed into the scar daily or you should leave a bandage over it at night if the scar is chronic and thick. Firstly, the cream removes tightness and softens. Scarpin, Dermatix Ultra, Revitol Zen Med are some among others which are also considered good products.
This is the most popular way of treatment for scar removal (and not only for post-acne). Each procedure is effective one way or another, with its own characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages. Here are the hardware and chemical methods:
|Procedure||What is the Procedure?|
|Laser Resurfacing||It is considered to be one of the most effective ways to remove hypertrophic scars. The operation principle: burning the scar tissue and the subsequent stimulation of the regenerative processes in the epidermis. It is a quite painful procedure, performed under local anesthesia and sometimes under general anesthesia. The rehabilitation period is about 2 weeks. To get strong results, you have to take a course of several treatments at intervals of 2-3 months. The number of treatment sessions needed depends on the type of laser being used, the depth of the scar, total area, and the “age” of the scars. Scars of any degree of maturity can be treated with this procedure.|
|Fractional Photothermolysis (micro perforation)||The new generation of laser technologies, which is characterized by the impact of hundreds of microbeams instead of a single “spot”, as in the case of the conventional laser. Micro perforation deals with not only with the scarring but also other skin post-acne problems, such as pigmented spots and enlarged pores. The age of the scars in the case of fractional photo-thermolysis is not so significant. The standard treatment is 3-6 procedures, depending on the size of the problem area. The rehabilitation period is 3-4 days.|
|Median Chemical Peeling||It is performed using salicylic, glycolic or trichloroacetic acids, which exfoliate the damaged epidermis and scar tissue, as well as stimulate the formation of new cells. It is generally performed without anesthesia, although when the acid is applied to the scar, you may feel strong burning sensation. The rehabilitation period is for about a week. To get the result, you need to take a course of 5-6 (sometimes more) treatments at intervals of 1 and a half – 2 weeks. It effectively removes the effects of acne, located in the epidermis.|
|Deep Phenol Peeling||This is the most aggressive and painful version of chemical peeling. It is performed on the basis of phenol and acts as the median peeling, but at a greater depth, penetrating not only the epidermis but also the dermis. To get a long-lasting result, 1 procedure is enough. The rehabilitation period is about 2 weeks. Tenderness and high probability of post-procedure skin hyperpigmentation can be noted among the shortcomings. It is used to remove deep scars, which cannot be removed with median peeling.|
|Dermabrasion||It is a hardware mechanical method of treating the scar tissue. Special brushes cut the protruding portions layer-by-layer, leveling the surface of the scar to the skin level.|
These are full-fledged operations, which are prescribed only in extreme cases, i.e. for large area and/ or deep post-acne scars that cannot be removed with cosmetology or medical treatments:
|Operation||What is the Essence?|
|Subcision or Undercutting||The scar is separated from the adjacent to the bottom deep tissues, the blood, and other body fluids, that will eventually form the connective tissue, are collected in the resulting space. This tissue, in turn, “raises” the bottom of the sunken scar, making it less noticeable. This procedure is well combined with laser techniques.|
|Excision of Scars||The surgeon excises the scar tissue and then will apply cosmetic stitches. After the wound is overgrown, new small scars may form at the site of scar revision, which in some cases may also require laser or mechanical resurfacing.|
|Skin Graft||It is the most radical surgical scar revision method. It represents the transplantation of certain areas of the skin. It is performed for the revision of very serious injuries (mainly large burns), in the case of post-acne is completely unjustified. It assumes the most difficult and long recovery period, it can cause a variety of complications and unpleasant consequences.|
The Benefits of Cosmetic Procedures
The advantages of such procedures include:
- All methods provide guaranteed results.
- The full treatment can take only a few sessions (everything depending on the size & depth of the scar).
- The skin is not exposed to unnecessary traumatizing.
- After the procedure, you can immediately go home or deal your own business.
- There is no recovery period.
- They do not require any special care.
- The removal procedure does not require anesthesia or the use of any painkillers.
- All patients immediately notice the result.
- No burns or any bruising after the procedure.
- It is a durable effect; the scar tissue will not reappear.
- The ability to remove any scars, they can even perform the procedure of removal of colloidal scars.
Getting Rid of Scars at Home
In addition to the use of various therapeutic medications, which are recommended by a cosmetician, the use of traditional medicine is also effective. The duration of treatment is significantly increased, but the result is stronger and the overall skin condition is improved considerably in comparison with hardware methods. In addition, the cost of the treatment at home is minimal.
Scrubs. A tablespoon of olive oil is mixed with a tablespoon of sea salt and 2-3 drops of lemon juice. You need to steam your purely washed face or cover it with a hot towel for a few minutes. After the pores open, the ready-made mix can be applied and rubbed over the skin in circular motions. After the procedure, it is recommended to wash your face and then wipe it with an ice herbal extract.
Clay. This is one of the most loved by all products of cosmetology that provides excellent results. A couple of tablespoons should be diluted with a little water. Add a few drops of rosemary oil to the resulting gruel and apply it to clean skin. Wash it away twenty minutes later.
Cucumbers. Grate a fresh cucumber and apply the resulting gruel to the scars for 15-20 minutes. Apply the mask daily.
Pineapples. Grind the pulp of a fresh pineapple (not canned) and put the finished gruel on the area of scarring for 8-10 minutes every day.
A few simple tips to help prevent possible problems with scarring:
- Never squeeze pimples or blackheads, wait for their self-maturation and breaking through, use special anti acne ointments and other topical medications.
- If you have acne or a large number of pimples, promptly consult a cosmetologist or a dermatologist for treatment.
- Stick to a healthy diet, exclude products which negatively affect the metabolism and increase the sebum production, from the diet.
- Use special products, selected by your cosmetologist, to maintain the health of the skin, do not desiccate it with aggressive detergents, especially in areas prone to acne and blackheads.