Acne is not only teenagers’ concerns. Up to 90 percent of women suffer from this problem. Skin care is a full-time job that requires following certain rules, for example, a healthy diet, activities and appropriate facial care daily. If you comply with these rules, you will soon be able to enjoy having smooth and clean skin.
In this article we will discuss the following questions:
What Causes Acne
Wise people tell the truth in saying that until you know what causes the problem, you are never able to solve it. This is exactly the case of acne. Every physician will tell you that it is impossible to get rid of acne and pimples until you know what is causing them.
Broadly speaking without going into medical details, the cause of acne can be roughly divided into two main groups: hormonal and non-hormonal.
This group demonstrates that people with any skin type can be prone to acne. Non-hormonal causes of acne are the following:
- Gastrointestinal diseases. They are, for example, acute and chronic gastritis, bacteria overgrowth, urine calculus, liver diseases.
- Stress and depression disrupt the function of endocrine system and, as a consequence, provoke appearance of pimples and acne.
- Genetic predisposition. Heredity determines how well or how poorly our sebaceous glands function. Any deviance from a norm is easily detected via special tests. This is a common cause of acne among males.
- Improper hygiene. If you have oily skin that is prone to irritation, you should use special cosmetics and care products for problem skin (including shampoos for oily hair). You should wash your face no more than twice a day (otherwise, you may dry up your skin and cause acne aggravation), and the use antibacterial wipes and lotions.
It is sad, but hormonal disruptions and imbalances are the most common causes of pimples and of severe acne in particular. Any changes in the endocrine system result in hormonal changes in the whole body, and as a consequence, they cause changes in sweat and sebaceous glands functioning, increased number of bacteria and, eventually, the inflammatory processes in the skin occur which precisely are an annoying acne rash or single pimples.
The most common hormonal causes of acne are characteristic for teenagers going through puberty, during which their hormones are literally “dancing”. As teenagers become adults, their hormones align and acne rash goes away completely on its own. But this is an ideal case. It often happens that a person carries this nasty disease, like luggage, from adolescence to adulthood. Doctors claim that the hormonal causes of acne in adults are not uncommon (up to 45% of cases), and the basis of these reasons is always the same — the “failure” of the endocrine system.
What Causes Acne on Different Body Parts
Often, the place of acne occurrence can identify the reasons of inflammation. For example:
- Back acne is more common characteristic to males, who have a high level of steroid hormones.
- Pimples on the cheeks and around the nose wings may indicate problems with the gastrointestinal tract (ulcers, chronic indigestion, and gastritis).
- Acne on the forehead is likely indicating the problems with the intestines, such as constipation, dysbacteriosis.
- Small and numerous pimples on the chin usually occur as a result of gynecological diseases (for example, cervical erosion, dysfunction of the ovaries), as well as pathology of upper respiratory tract (tonsillectomy).
Once you have figured out the exact causes of your acne, it can be said for sure that you are one step away from complete victory. Now, you need to eliminate these causes and refine your look with specific cosmetics.
How to Define Acne-Prone Skin
Pimples, blackheads, and acne are characteristics not only for teenage skin. According to statistics, about 40% of people over 20 years suffer from recurrent inflammations and have skin prone to acne and irritation.
Acne-prone skin is usually very oily. Oily skin may be caused by:
- hormonal disorders;
- the use of cosmetic products with ingredients that clog the pores;
- genetic predisposition.
Apart from increased oiliness, the acne-prone skin may have enlarged pores. This is a typical skin protection. Increased production of skin oil promotes the pores to enlarge.
Acne-prone skin often has redness and exfoliation. These problems occur particularly in the case of a diet rich in spicy, fried and fatty food. Improper gastrointestinal tract functioning is one of the causes of acne.
h2>Care for acne-prone skin
If you take proper care of your problem with acne-prone skin thoroughly and regularly, you can prevent new inflammations, redness, and irritations. Acne, pimples, or redness may not appear at all, if you follow these simple rules:
- No matter where and how tired you are, always remove your makeup completely before you go to bed. Any of your decorative cosmetics and skin care products must be completely off “oily skin” type.
- In summer, during the day, wipe your face with antibacterial wipes and don’t touch your face with hands for the sake of it — by doing that, you may provoke acne appearance by transferring bacteria or oil from your hands to the skin on your face.
- The water temperature when washing your face should not be higher than 36 degrees. In hot water, sebaceous glands begin to function intensely, and the pores become even more enlarged, which is not beneficial to acne-prone skin.
- It is necessary to have regular professional face cleaning performed by an experienced beautician. The professional should schedule your visits, depending on your current skin condition. Often, facial self-cleansing causes acne aggravation, and your pimples may multiply. This way, you may simply carry the bacteria from one area of the skin to another and therefore provoke more inflammations.
All teenagers know firsthand how uncomfortable it is to live with the inflammations over their face and body. Adults with acne-prone skin risk feeling like they are teenagers again if they ignore the listed rules. Otherwise, if you follow these tips, no one is likely to even notice that you really have a problem skin.
Nutrition and Hygiene in Case of Acne
Let’s consider each of these issues separately.
Many people get rid of acne with the right diet and by eliminating bad habits; they prove that nutrition is extremely important. Certain products reduce and prevent the occurrence of acne, while others aggravate this problem and cause even more pimples.
As for diet for people with acne-prone skin, the experts recommend paying attention to the following points.
- Reduce the consumption of dairy products. Milk contains certain types of hormones that can trigger the appearance of acne.
- Do not drink alcohol and coffee. Of course, for some people, it is very difficult to quit this bad habit, but it is still worth a try. At least, you should reduce the consumption of these drinks; this will only benefit your digestive system and overall health.
- Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. Vegetables and fruits are a great source of vitamins. Without the natural intake of vitamins (as a result of right diet, not by use of dietary supplements), our body is not in good shape, and the first signs of nutrient deficiencies are reflected on our skin.
- Avoid hydrogenated oils. The consumption of hydrogenated oils as they affect the condition of the skin. Saturated fats are contained partially in hydrogenated oils, negatively affect the condition of the body overall.
Develop a diet plan. It is necessary to be clear about what changes you will make in your daily ration, you will implement this idea in life if you are determined to win in the fight against acne.
Acne prevention requires regular skin care. People who are prone to this problem, are not recommended to use oily creams, oils, and ointments. Therefore, you should choose cosmetics which are labeled “non-comedogenic”, i.e. that do not contain ingredients that provoke the appearance of acne.
Pay attention to the following tips:
- The use of cleansing cosmetic products. People with problem acne-prone skin often believe that acne occurs because of a lack of facial and body skin care, therefore, they try to wash it vigorously many times a day, not paying attention to the soap properties (especially to its pH). Patients with acne are recommended to use special products for the daily skin cleansing. They are, for example, soap with a neutral pH, as well as cleansing foams, tonics, lotions, wipes. These procedures keep the skin pH-neutral or acidic and reduce the growth of harmful bacteria.
- Medications. If your skin is very oily and sensitive, you may take certain modern medical cosmetic products: syrup Safi, Klenzit, Triphala and others. Using these products, you will be able to get rid of ugly skin rashes much faster.
- Pay attention to the types of cosmetics. Do not use scrubs, oily lotions, and creams, as they can cause clogging of pores and increase the sebaceous glands secretion.
- Peeling and makeup. As for peeling (mechanical or chemical pore cleansing), as well as makeup, their use should be individualized to prevent acne aggravation.
It is important to remember that acne can cause serious cosmetic defects; facial scars. It is possible to prevent scarring if to start acne treatment early. Removing scars are quite difficult, as it requires certain cosmetic surgery.
For this reason, carefully follow the skin hygiene rules, eat healthy food, wear soft clothing made of natural fabrics, get rid of bad habits (drinking alcohol and smoking) and try to touch your face with your hands as little as possible. And do not forget to spend more time outdoors, smile and enjoy your life, and you will never suffer from acne and rashes again!