Skin health is the first thing people notice when they look at someone. That’s why daily facial care is so important when it comes to having confidence and making a positive first impression. In order to have a proper skincare routine, your skin type needs to be assessed and also your age should be taken into account. Otherwise, what’s good for one may lead to a negative outcome for another.
There are three basic skin types:
1. Dry skin may feel tight; it is characterized by contracted pores and frequent skin peeling.
2. Oily skin is characterized by enlarged pores, a greasy sheen, a frequent inflammatory response in the form of pimples and acne; to improve the condition of such problem skin it’s important to know how to treat an oily skin type properly.
3. Normal skin is afflicted neither with dryness nor with oily shine.
However, these types rarely exist in their pure form: in most cases, the issues mentioned above come with a variety of other skin problems. Therefore other skin types are formed, and each of them demands different skin treatment:
– Sensitive skin (which reacts to any external factor by irritation or redness);
– Withering skin (old looking, wrinkles, loose and sagging);
– Problematic skin (frequently covered with pimples and acne);
– Couperose skin (with a visible capillary net).
In order to choose the appropriate cosmetics, it is important to know exactly what your skin type is. But there are some golden rules that need to be followed regardless of the skin type in order to maintain a beautiful face.
Golden Rules of Daily Face & Neck Skin Care
Daily care for any skin type includes a basic morning and evening routine that involve: cleansing, toning, and moisturizing. There are a few slight differences to take into account.
In the evening, the main focus should be on skin cleansing.
Step 1: Facial Skin Cleansing
Clean your face and neck with any kind of cleanser (milk, cream, foam or gel – most importantly, make sure it’s suitable for your skin type).
The cleanser needs to remain on the skin for approximately 2 minutes to have the best effect. During this time gently massage the skin in circular movements along the massage lines.
Then wash the cleanser off with water or remove it with cotton pads soaked in water.
After cleansing your face and washing it with water, then carefully pat your skin dry. The best way to do this is to use special facial tissues or cotton pads as they carefully sop up excess water with ease. But if you don’t have any at hand, it is fine to use usual paper tissues or a CLEAN towel. Although using a towel is not always the best option as it doesn’t soak up water that well and therefore can give an instinctive urge to rub your face.
Rubbing face after cleansing is inadvisable, not to mention counter-productive.
Step 2: Toning
Tone your skin with a tonic or a lotion. Lotions and tonics moisturize, tone the skin and narrow pores. Most importantly – they neutralize negative effects of water and substances dissolved in it.
Apply a small amount of toner on a cotton pad and, wipe your clean skin. Then let it air-dry.
If you start to feel discomfort after using toner (for example, you experience dryness or, on the contrary, stickiness), this means it doesn’t suit you. When the toner is chosen properly your skin feels clean and fresh after applying it.
Step 3: Applying Eye Contour Cream
After cleansing and toning your skin apply a very small amount of eye cream. It’s applied from the inner corner of the eye to the outer corner at the upper part, and at the lower part – from the outer corner to the nasal bridge. At the bottom, it is best to apply cream using a light patting motion of your finger pads. But this must be done extremely gently. The point is to let cream absorb into your skin without stretching it.
Step 4. Nourishing Facial Skin
Apply a night cream on your face, remembering to slightly massage the upper lip, nasolabial folds, nasal bridge, and forehead. Make sure that you use patting and pressing motions along the lower facial contour, i.e. from chin to ears with your both hands. It is easily done either with your palms or the outside of the fingers.
Night cream (unlike day cream) should be applied on slightly wet skin. For example, right after using toner.
No need to worry if after all these manipulations your facial skin slightly flushes. This means you’ve achieved the desired effect, blood has rushed to your face and the overall nourishing process has begun.
Step 5. Nourishing the Neck & Décolleté Skin Areas
Make sure to apply the cream on your neck and preferably on the décolleté area as well. It is great if you have a specific cream for neck and décolleté skin, usually it has a rather light texture and easily absorbs into the skin, leaving a pleasant sensation.
If you are noticing that the skin on your neck is becoming loose, it is necessary to start using either special lifting cream for neck or the same cream you use for your face (which might be even better).
The procedure doesn’t take long – about 4 or 5 minutes, 10 at most – I’ve never noted the time. But this should be done every day.
Sometimes I don’t feel like washing my face, but I tell myself, that tomorrow I’ll definitely regret seen as I’ll need to remove my makeup then anyway. I know how bad it is to sleep with dirty skin and makeup left on, it clogs your pores, and with makeup left on the eyes, they can become irritated and turn red and my eyelids also can swell. It is really uncomfortable to sleep like that, besides, removing makeup in the mornings is far more unpleasant than in the evenings. So it’s always better to clean your face before going to sleep!
Morning Skin Care
Step 1: Morning Cleansing
In the morning wash your face with warm or slightly cool water first. No soap.
Then soak a cotton pad in cleansing milk or lotion and clean your skin.
After that rinse your face with water and clean your skin with toner.
I used to think that it’s not necessary to use targeted cleanser in the mornings, but now I know that it is just as important as in the evenings. At night we sweat, rub our faces against pillows and sheets. Besides, any remaining night cream also needs to be removed.
Step 2: Applying Day Cream
It is inadvisable to apply cream right after you wake up. But if you need to get ready for work, your morning routine might be divided into two steps: first cleansing and applying tonic, then, in 10 minutes, applying cream and makeup.
Step 3: Applying Sunscreen
If your day cream contains sunscreen compounds, you can do without a separate sunscreen. Important things you need to remember:
– the level of sun protection in face care products must be no less than 50 SPF;
– there must be no less than half an hour between the moments of applying cream and leaving the house;
– even the most expensive sun-screening products protect skin only for 2 hours at most, that’s why it is better to take your sunscreen along and refresh a protective layer 2 or 3 times during the day.
How to Select Products for Face & Neck
First of all, the choice of a product depends on how much money you are ready to spend. Usually, expensive products contain more active ingredients, but it is quite possible to find good cosmetics among cheaper brands (I personally like Indian brands Himalaya and Swami).
Generally speaking, the brand doesn’t really matter that much. But I would advise you to always buy a full line: cleansing milk (or gel), day cream, night cream, eye contour cream.
My cleanser lasts me for about 2-2.5 months, eye-area product may last for half a year – depends on how you use it. My toner disappears in a month. And I buy new day and night creams every 1.5-2 months.
If you are over the age of 30 it’s better to choose a skin fairness cream (if you have this problem), lifting cream, anti-aging or anti-wrinkles. I’ve tried all kinds of products and think that the routine itself is more important than the kind of product you use. Even the most expensive cream won’t be of any help if you use it only a couple of times a week, when you are in the mood, or if you go to bed wearing makeup.
Though, of course, there are some products that show astonishing results from day one.