Nowadays, dandruff affects one-third of the population on our planet. Some people combat it on a daily basis, using a variety of cosmetic products, but some of us are looking for a more drastic way to get rid of dandruff once and for all.
Although dandruff has become common for many people, this is a medical syndrome, which reveals itself through small skin flakes peeling at a significant pace. It causes a long-time inconvenience for an infected person, sometimes for a lifetime; the focalization of the pathological process — the hairy part of the head. In order to get rid of this frustrating, obsessive syndrome, you need to be aware of the reasons of dandruff formation and methods of fighting it.
In this article we will look into:
- The Reasons of Dandruff Formation
- What Cannot be done, if you have Dandruff?
- Homemade Mask Recipes for Treating Dandruff
The Reasons of Dandruff Formation
The standard period of scalp cells renewal is 25-30 days, but sometimes, due to the organism malfunction, the skin begins to renovate at a higher pace — within 6-8 days. This is precisely what dandruff is.
There are several reasons for the acceleration of dermis furfures (flakes/scales) peeling. There are certain factors that aggravate the existing problem by influencing one another:
- Metabolic disorders. Due to metabolic failure, the body’s resistance to various external pathogenic factors drops sharply.
- Hormonal dysfunction often causes dandruff formation for women.
- Gastrointestinal diseases, endocrine disorders, respiratory diseases, neurological problems, immunodeficiency states.
- The reason of dandruff appearance, which cannot be corrected — is a genetic predisposition.
- Dysfunctions of the oil glands of external secretion.
- Improper diet and lack of vitamins.
- Overpressure, both physical and mental.
- Mycotic infection, which is caused by yeast-like fungi P; Ovale. They can normally be found on the skin of 90% of people; they start to show abnormal activity when influenced by the provocative factors, leading to weakening of the body defenses.
- Hypothermia or heat exposure of the scalp due to the improper use of a headwear.
- Excessive use of a hair-dryer, impact of chemical colorants, use of a curling iron — any kind of aggressive effect, produced on the scalp.
- Violation of hygiene rules, namely, neglecting washing your head.
Moreover, there are additional factors that increase the risk of dandruff formation, including:
- Age — teenagers and young people suffer from this disease more often. Children very rarely have dandruff. In the adolescence period, dandruff can be a physiological phenomenon, related to activating of oil glands functions under the influence of hormones.
- Nerve strain — When a person faces ongoing stress, dandruff is a common issue.
Medicine usually regards dandruff as a form of a skin disease — seborrheic dermatitis. In this case, exfoliated furfures (flakes) are dry, oil secretion reduced.
A classification exists that differentiates dry and oily dandruff, but some scientists consider it to be not quite correct. They explain this by the fact that real dandruff cannot be oily because the oil glands secretion is significantly reduced. In oily dandruff, furfures can rarely be seen on the hair, they are attached to the dermis itself. Unlike dry dandruff, when there are lots of furfures; moreover, it causes itching and skin irritation.
Theoretically, the first step in fighting dandruff — is paying a visit to a trichologist, but people do not always have the time or wish to do that, though this specialist can help to get rid of dandruff much faster and more efficiently. However, for some people, suffering from seborrhea, it’s enough to buy suitable dandruff treating shampoo to get rid of it once and for all. Others simply need to treat their seasonal flu and dandruff will disappear on its own. Therefore, it’s not always cost-effective to insist on a visit to a hospital.
What Should be Avoided, if you Have Dandruff?
There are some “forbidden tricks”, i.e. the actions that are prohibited for a person, suffering from dandruff. As follows:
- It’s forbidden to use alcohol-containing scalp care products. They exacerbate the pathological skin condition by making it even drier.
- It’s recommended to avoid scratching the scalp. Dandruff is always accompanied by itching. If you try to get rid of it and scratch your head at the same time, the problem will only worsen. Even minor microscopic injuries can become the gates for penetration of infectious agents. As the result, pustules will appear on the scalp.
- It’s forbidden to dye the hair and apply any other aggressive substances on it.
- Skin peeling may be worsened by using combs with hard metal teeth. They will hurt your scalp if not used carefully.
- Until dandruff has been cured, it’s better to refrain from using a curling iron, hairdryer, and hair styling iron.
Homemade Mask Recipes for Treating Dandruff
Homemade masks for treating dandruff often turn out to be really effective, but they deal more with the consequence as they aim at eliminating the symptoms of dry or oily seborrhea. Masks should be applied regularly, a complete treatment of 8-10 masks.
Masks should be chosen depending on what type of dandruff do you have — dry or oily.
Oily dandruff occurs because of an excessively greasy scalp. Dandruff furfures are large, imbued with the oil glands secret, they stick together and attach to the hair, it is difficult to peel them off. The hair becomes greasy, unpleasantly glossy, itching occurs. Grease plugs the excretory ducts of oil and sweat glands and irritates the nerves. This gets even worse due to fatty acids that appear from fat decomposition and oxidation.
Dry dandruff occurs because of skin dryness and is often accompanied by itching. Dandruff furfures are small. They are located over the whole surface of the hairy part of the head or primarily in the frontal and parietal regions. Dry dandruff occurs, when sebum secretion is reduced; the skin becomes dry, peels off easily, the hair looks powdered and dandruff flakes fall onto the clothes untidily.
Masks for Oily Dandruff
- Lemon Juice
Lemon juice — an excellent remedy for an oily scalp, suffering from dandruff. Dilute lemon juice with water in equal proportions and rub into the scalp. Leave for 15-20 minutes and wash your hair as usual. Use this mask twice a week for 1 month.
- Calendula Infusion
Rub alcohol-based infusion of calendula into the scalp, after half an hour you can wash your head. The infusion combats fungus and strengthens the hair. You can mix the calendula infusion with castor or burdock oil. Leave on for half an hour, then wash off, using shampoo.
- Fresh Vegetables
The fresh vegetable mask produces a beneficial effect thanks to therapeutic qualities of certain vegetables. They provide disinfecting and regenerating effects. The recipe and use: grind pumpkin, cucumber, apple peel in a blender in any proportions. Apply the paste onto your skin and hair and leave for half an hour without any film and towel. Rinse with lukewarm water. The mask should be repeated 3 times a week.
- Aloe Juice
To use aloe juice, cut off several bottom leaves of an aloe plant and place them in the refrigerator for a few days. Thereafter the aloe juice can be rubbed into the scalp without later washing. Aloe promotes overall skin health improvement and hydration, removes oily dandruff.
- Castor Oil, Honey, Lemon Juice, Aloe Juice & Mayonnaise
Mix all the ingredients in equal proportions, the amount depends on your hair length; on average — take 1 teaspoon of each component. Rub the mask into the scalp and leave it under a film and a towel for an hour. Wash off with shampoo and rinse, using water with lemon juice. Use the mask 1-2 times per week.
- Oil Based Masks with Essential Oils
You can use any kind of oil as a base. For oily hair almond, calendula or tutsan oils are recommended. You can add a few drops of tea tree, eucalyptus, lavender or juniper essential oil in one tablespoon of the base oil.
- Green Clay Dandruff Mask
Green clay produces a splendid effect on oily hair, prone to dandruff formation. Dissolve 2 tablespoons of green clay in warm water until you get a thick paste, add 1 egg yolk and 1 tablespoon of apple vinegar. Cover your head with a film and towel and leave for 20-40 minutes. Wash the mask off thoroughly with warm water and shampoo.
Make sure to use a hair balm in order to prevent the hair of being a little hard after such a mask.
- Black Tea Mask
Mix 1 tbsp. of castor oil, alcohol, and strong brewing black tea. You should rub the resulting mixture into the hair roots thoroughly and spread it along the entire hair length with a comb, wrap with a film and wash off with shampoo after 40 minutes. Apply such a mask every time before washing your head throughout a month. Then, according to the reviews, it will be enough to use it 1 time in two weeks as a preventive measure.
- Green Clay
An excellent remedy for dandruff. Mix 2 tbsp. of green clay with warm water. You can use herbal tea instead of water. The clay should become a thick paste. Add 1 egg yolk and 1 tbsp. of vinegar. Rub the mask into the skin, put on a shower cap or a film and leave for half an hour. Wash off with shampoo and rinse gently a few times to wash away the clay remains.
Important: clay dries the hair, therefore, you will need a hair balm after using this mask.
Masks for Dry Dandruff
- Egg yolk, Castor Oil & Calendula Infusion
Mix one egg yolk, one tablespoon of castor oil and a teaspoon of calendula infusion. Rub it into the scalp thoroughly, keep under a film and towel up to 2 hours, wash off, using shampoo. Apply this mask 2 times a week for 1-2 months.
- Sour Milk & Egg Yolk with a Base Oil
In 4 tablespoons of sour milk add 1 tablespoon of any base oil (olive, burdock, castor) and an egg yolk. You don’t need to wash the hair before using this mask.
Spread the mixture throughout the entire length of the hair and rub it into the scalp thoroughly. Keep your hair under a film and towel for about two hours, wash off with shampoo. The effect will be visible after the very first mask. The mask can be used 2-3 times a week.
- Onion Juice, Castor Oil & Alcohol
This mask has a drawback — the onion smell, which can steadfastly remain on the hair for a long time. But if you risk trying it, the result will surpass this drawback.
You need to add 2 tablespoons of alcohol and 1 tablespoon of castor oil to 1 tablespoon of onion juice. Rub into the scalp and leave for about an hour under a towel. Wash off with shampoo; in order to remove the onion smell, you can use a balm and rinse your hair with water and lemon juice. Apply the mask 1-2 times a week.
- Egg Yolks & Lemon Juice
Mix two yolks, accurately separated from the whites, with the juice of half a lemon. You can add 1 teaspoon of castor oil. After 30-60 minutes, rinse with warm water without using shampoo. You can use it every other day.
Turmeric is used for treating dandruff on the hair, moreover, turmeric makes the hair thick and shiny. To make the mask, dilute 1 tbsp. of turmeric with warm milk, you should get a liquid substance. Apply it onto your hair and scalp, leave for 30 minutes, then rinse with warm water. It’s not recommended for blondes to use this mask, turmeric can give them a hue of yellow.
- Egg, Olive Oil & Honey
According to reviews, for treating dry dandruff in home conditions; this hair mask for dandruff on the basis of honey and egg yolk is the best. Ingredients — 1 tablespoon of honey and olive oil, plus 1 egg yolk. Split the resulting mixture in half; apply 1 part to the scalp in circular movements, spread the rest of the dandruff mask along the entire hair length, then wrap in a film or put on a shower cap and a knitted hat of it to make your hair warm. After 1 hour, wash off the mask. Treatment regimen — 2 times a week for 1.5-2 months. It’s a bit of a slow process, but the results are simply great.
Judging by numerous reviews, the grapefruit mask is often that very remedy that helps to win over dandruff, even when other products turn out to be useless. To make this mask, peel the fruit and mash it thoroughly, mix the pulp with a tablespoon of aloe juice and rub the mixture into the scalp, then massage for 5-7 minutes gently, put on a cap and leave it for another quarter of an hour. Make this mask 2 times a week in a general course of 7-8 treatments, it will definitely help you get rid of dandruff.
Grind 6 garlic cloves in a blender, mix it thoroughly with oil. Rub the mixture is into the hair roots, keep under a film and a towel for two hours. Rinse the ingredients, using shampoo. The mask is highly effective, but there is one major drawback — the garlic smell will chase you for a few days. But you can put up with it for the sake of hair health and beauty.
- Egg, Alcohol & Linseed Oil
Gradually add 2 teaspoons of linseed oil to the beaten egg yolk, stir, and add alcohol in the end. Apply the ingredients to the hair roots and scalp, atop put on a plastic bag or a film, wrap the head with a towel. An hour later, wash off the mask with warm water and shampoo.
- Oil, Honey & Yogurt
You need to mix 2 tablespoons of castor oil, add 2 tablespoons of melted honey, 1 teaspoon of yogurt. Rub the ingredients into the skin 3 hours prior to washing. In the end, rinse the hair with clean water.
- Burdock Oil
The most simple mask of all; it includes one single ingredient. It’s recommended to warm up burdock oil a little before use. You can easily do this by sinking the bottle of oil in warm water for a few minutes.
Apply a few drops of oil onto your fingers and rub it into the scalp. Divide the hair into a few partings. Put on a swimming cap or just a plastic bag. Wrap the head with a warm kerchief or towel; leave the mask for at least 30 minutes and, if possible — for a few hours. Thoroughly wash your head with shampoo.
Yeast strengthens the hair and helps to get rid of dandruff and itching. Thanks to the yeast mask, the hair will become thick, strong, silky and shiny.
Take 0.5 tbsp. of yeast, put it in 100 ml of sour milk and add 1 teaspoon of honey. Leave the mixture in a warm place for 30 minutes until the foam appears. Apply the yeast mask on the hair roots and spread along the hair. Cover your head with a film and wrap with a towel. Mask application time — 40 minutes. Then rinse your hair with running water thoroughly. For dandruff treatment, it’s recommended to apply this mask every day for 10 days and then once or twice a week to fix the result.
- Sea Buckthorn Oil
Sea buckthorn accelerates the hair growth and strengthens the hair follicles, removes dandruff, makes the hair thick, shiny and strong.
To get rid of dandruff, make the mask of warm sea buckthorn oil with a small amount of shampoo 2-3 times a week. Wrap your head with a film and cover with a towel for 2 hours, then wash your hair, using shampoo.
- Egg & Yogurt
Make a mask of one well-beaten egg and 100 grams of plain yogurt. Rub the mask into the skin with massaging movements, apply on the hair, wrap the head with a film and a towel, leave for 30-40 minutes. Rinse with lukewarm water.
As you can see, it’s quite easy to get rid of dandruff at home. The main thing — to keep regular hours, stick to a healthy diet, use the right hair care products and do not neglect natural methods. We wish you all the best, in fighting this condition.