Dandruff — is an affection of the scalp of the head, involving the formation of plenty small furfures (flakes). Both women and men are equally exposed to dandruff. These white furfures look unattractive and harm hair health as well by enhancing its fragility, shedding and loss of beauty and shine.
In most cases, dandruff develops from Pityrosporum ovale fungus, which everyone has in the area of hair on their head. Body dysfunctions may activate the fungus, which leads to faster skin cells peeling and dandruff formation. In its natural condition, an epidermis cell lives for about a month, however, in the period of vigorous activity of Pityrosporum ovale — no longer than a week. Dead skin cells immediately accumulate at the hair roots, stick together with sebum to form furfures, which interfere with oil glands function and block air access to the scalp.
We will look into:
- The Reasons of Dandruff Appearance
- Types of Treatment
- Homemade Recipes for Dandruff Treatment
- Additional Methods of Treatment
The Reasons of Dandruff Appearance
Despite being caused by the fungus, dandruff cannot be caught from other people, as it reflects the condition of internal processes in the organism. The following may cause dandruff:
- Unbalanced nutrition
- Heavy stresses and prolonged depression
- Hormonal disruptions
- Recrudescence of gastrointestinal diseases
- Deficit of vitamins and microelements in the organism
- Wrong hair care: use of shampoos, which contain aggressive surface active substances, frequent use of hair dryer, crisper, styling cosmetics, which lead to excessive scalp dryness
Types of Treatment
Dandruff treatment becomes imperative when the scalp cell renewal process accelerates sharply, resulting in new cells having no time to cornify completely, sticking together and peeling in form of visible flakes. It can be common dandruff or a symptom of other diseases (seborrhea, psoriasis, scaly skin disease). That’s the reason why the first step of dandruff treatment should always be to get a medical examination.
There are two types of dandruff treatment:
- Natural (homemade)
Let’s look into both methods in detail.
First of all, for treating dandruff, medical shampoos should be used, which contain substances with a targeted mechanism of action. In most cases, the active substance has an antifungal effect, as excessive sebum production in seborrhea creates beneficial conditions for fungus expansion, which causes an acceleration of epidermis cells renewal.
More rarely, for dandruff treatment such shampoos are used, which are capable of slowing down epidermis cells growth and contain such substances as zinc and selenium salts and serum. There are also shampoos that are effective for removing excessive sebum and decreasing its production, which is important for treating dandruff as the symptom of seborrhea or psoriasis. They contain tar, received from black coal conversion. Dandruff treating shampoos of a new generation contain natrium ichthyol (shale oil distillate) and special mineral-protein complexes that stimulate blood circulation in the epidermis and enhance hair follicle nutrition. Usually, they contain no colorants or preservatives, therefore produce no contact allergic response or local irritation. It takes several months to treat dandruff with medical shampoos.
Dandruff treatment also includes usage of ectylotics, which encourage peeling of stubborn and hard layer furfures, for example, a 10% sulfur ointment — is rubbed into the scalp for a few days. For treating excessive sebum production it is also recommended to rub a 60% solution of sodium thiosulfate, 2% solution of salicylic acid, an alcoholic solution of Naftalan oil, Sulsen paste, etc. into of the head of hair throughout a month.
Dandruff treatment should necessarily take place together with nutrition normalization — limited consumption of fried, acrid, spicy, fatty and sweet products. All these intensify sebum synthesis. The diet should be enriched with products, rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, B6 and containing coarse fiber that normalizes digesting process and absorbs toxins. Excessively dry scalp, caused by the lack of moisture in the epidermis, may also lead to dandruff. In this case, recovering the normal water balance in the body is enough for the scalp to no longer be dry — you need to drink clean water, at room temperature (mineral, spring or melt).
Out of physiotherapeutic methods, dandruff treatment cryomassage with cryogenic nitrogen and darsonvalization of the scalp is widely used, which is beneficial to carry out before rubbing in the ectylotics.
If you have dandruff, don’t rush to buy expensive products. Sometimes, old, time-proven folk remedies can help deal with dandruff. Medicinal herbs and natural ingredients, contained in these remedies, will not only remove dandruff but strengthen your hair as well.
Millions of women have already evaluated this type of treatment for being more effective than the medicamental one. The case is that medical products (balms, shampoos, conditioners) have a temporary effect and can cause dependence. Moreover, dandruff treating cosmetics and visiting doctors are expensive.
The main positive aspects of implementing natural treatments include:
- Availability. All the ingredients, used in natural products, can be purchased anywhere;
- Low price. It goes without a doubt that dry herbs or fresh fruit are much cheaper than a medical shampoo;
- The absence of contraindications. Most natural recipes can be used by everyone, including pregnant and nursing women;
- Long-term result. When using natural recipes, dandruff disappears if not forever, but for a very long period of time;
- Quick action. Dandruff amount noticeibly decreases as soon as after the first 2-3 applications of a natural product.
Thus, if you wish to get rid of dandruff completely, pay your attention to the natural remedies. We will share with you proven recipes used time and time again by millions of people.
Homemade Recipes for Dandruff Treatment
Below you will find the best homemade products for treating dandruff.
Please, pay attention: it’s of crucial importance to massage the scalp every time you wash your hair — 5-10 minutes with active finger-tips movements. It’s beneficial for blood circulation and promotes more efficient absorption of therapeutic substances, contained in medicinal herbs, by the hair roots.
Essential Oils for Treating Dandruff
Tea Tree Oil
The naturalness of this splendid oil guarantees effective treatment of dandruff, caused by the fungus. Various kinds of terpineols, which this product contains, produce a negative effect on the fungus. Tea tree oil is also used for treating typical oily seborrhea.
Mix a few drops of oil with a single portion of shampoo, leave it on the hair for about 10 minutes and rinse well. To enhance the effect significantly, it’s recommended to add tea tree oil into conditioner and hair balm. When regularly used, dandruff will disappear within 1-2 weeks.
It nourishes the scalp greatly, strengthens the hair and helps to treat signs of seborrhea. This oil should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. It’s recommended to implement this procedure about half an hour before washing your hair. It’s castor oil that relieves scalp dryness, removes itching and prevents peeling. It can be used along with other modern pharmaceutical products.
This unique product will help you to protect the scalp from excessive peeling and drying. You can massage your scalp with a high-quality olive oil on a daily basis. After such a massage you can wrap the head with a common waffle towel and leave for 30 minutes. Olive oil is beneficial for hair health, perfectly protecting the skin from dandruff formation. It can also be used as a preventive measure for seborrheic dermatitis.
Numerous beneficial properties of this product are unique for removing dandruff as well. It is used in many cosmetic products, intended to stimulate hair growth and shine.
It’s also worth mentioning that lavender oil dramatically reduces hair breaking and prevents loss. The oil has anti-infective and wound healing properties. Ongoing oil rubbing will help you to get rid of the dead white flakes. It’s recommended to mix it with shampoo for preventive purposes. It’s enough to use three drops of oil for a shampoo cap. In seborrheic dermatitis, you can leave the oil on your hair for the whole night.
The main advantages of using such an outstanding product include the presence of a large number of medium-chain triglycerides. These are the elements that produce an anti-bacterial effect on the hair and stimulate its growth. Coconut oil is an effective treatment not only for dandruff but for many skin diseases as well. It’s capable of penetrating deep into the hair follicle, recovering the strength and shine of every single individual hair strand.
The oil is a perfect product for combating premature hair dryness and breaking. It prevents the appearance of gray hair. Ongoing use of shampoos, containing coconut oil, is a great preventive and protective measure against severe dandruff and hair thinning.
For treating excessive dryness, coconut oil should be applied to the scalp with gentle massage movements. You can mix the oil with lemon juice necessarily in equal proportions to prevent further dandruff formation.
Linseed oil can immediately remove dead skin cells from the scalp. It is well absorbed and what’s more important — causes no difficulties with washing it off.
While treating dry dandruff, it’s recommended to preheat this great product and then rub it into the hair roots with gentle massage movements and leave for 20 minutes. This procedure should be repeated 3 times a week, preferably throughout 1 month. The oil can be washed off, using warm tap water with a suitable shampoo. The course of treatment can be repeated in a month and a half as a preventive measure.
To speed up the regeneration of skin cells, linseed oil should be mixed with castor or burdock oil.
Sea Buckthorn Oil
This product is considered to be a highly beneficial remedy for maintaining the beauty of the hair. Along with stimulating hair growth and enhancing its strength, sea buckthorn oil prevents dandruff formation. It has a powerful regenerating property and at the same time promotes skin renewal and dead cells removal.
Sea buckthorn oil works very well in combination with common olive oil. You should take one part of sea buckthorn oil and mix it with 6 parts of olive oil. Apply the resulting mixture to the hair as a light mask and leave for about 40 minutes, then rinse it off. The procedure should be repeated twice a week for two months. After such a regular treatment, your hair will become fantastically shiny and supple, and dandruff will be gone.
In order to obtain hair healthy and beautiful, trichologists recommend using almond oil. It strengthens the hair bulbs, nourishes its roots and effectively combats split ends. When treating dandruff, almond oil can be used even in pure form. It’s advisable to comb the hair a few times a day, using a hair pick with a couple of almond oil drops on it.
Besides, you can mix almond oil with any other essential oil in proportion 2:1, add a bit of lemon juice and bergamot oil. This mask is perfect for scalp moisturizing, stimulating hair growth, enhancing its elasticity and at the same time preventing the appearance of dandruff.
It cleanses the scalp, releases the hair follicles from clogging. This oil is an excellent cleanser for oily hair and an indispensable product for treating dandruff. Brittle and severely split hair will become soft, supple and shining. The thickness of the hair will be restored after a month of regular use.
To eliminate skin dryness and dandruff, it is strongly recommended to comb your hair, using a hair pick with 4 drops of jojoba oil on it at least once a day. You can also do a head massage 10 minutes prior to washing. A night mask is a highly effective remedy. After you get rid of dandruff, you can add jojoba oil to shampoo as a preventive measure.
Salt peeling for scalp — a very simple, but effective remedy. It is better to use sea salt because it contains a substantial amount of iodine and other beneficial minerals. Such a peeling works well for exfoliating dead skin cells, improving blood circulation of the scalp, removing excess sebum and stimulating hair follicles. Salt is used in a dry form for rubbing or with any kind of diluent. This, for example, can be yogurt or basic oils in combination with essential ones. For a peeling mask, take about 4 tablespoons of salt and 200 ml of yogurt or kefir. Apply onto the skin little by little and rub with gentle massaging movements. It’s advisable not to rinse immediately, but leave it on the hair up to 60 minutes. For washing the mask off, use a common shampoo.
Mix two teaspoons of sugar with a base oil (coconut, olive, burdock). Heat the mixture and apply to the skin, gently rub into the skin. You can leave the mixture on the skin for 10 minutes, then sugar mixture should be washed off, using natural shampoo with warm water.
A more rough, but effective option — coffee peeling. It has certain advantages: it cleanses the skin from dirt and sebum, but there are disadvantages as well: it cannot be used for brittle and dry hair. Mix a spoonful of ground natural coffee with mint oil and a tablespoon of milk. Apply to hair roots and rub in, leave for 5 minutes. You can use this peeling no more than twice a week.
Onion Mask with Honey
This mask is highly effective, but keep in mind that onion has a strong odor, which is difficult to get rid of. You need to peel and mince 1 onion. Extract the juice. Grind 2 egg yolks with 1 tablespoon of honey, 2 teaspoons of nettle brew and 2 teaspoons of coconut oil. Pour the onion juice into the resulting paste and mix everything well. You should apply the mask to your scalp and leave for 1 hour, then it should be washed out with warm water. You can leave the mask on your head overnight; in this case, you will get a better effect.
Mask with Orange Juice & Aloe
Mix 1 tablespoon of orange juice with 2 teaspoons of aloe juice, one egg yolk, and 1 crushed garlic clove. Grind everything thoroughly and apply with massage movements. You should leave the mask for 40 minutes, then rinse well with warm water.
It is very effective for treating the oily type of seborrheic dermatitis. Such mustard masks are contraindicated in case of sensitive skin and tendency to various allergic reactions. Be careful with the proportions, in order not to burn your hair accidentally. If you have split ends, be sure to add a little high-quality olive oil to the mustard mask.
To make this mask, take 15 grams of dry mustard, 50 grams of colorless henna powder, 2 tbsp. of honey, 1 egg yolk. Mix the components until you get a creamy paste. You may like to also add a few drops of any essential oil. The mustard mask for dandruff treatments should be left on the hair for approximately one hour, with your hair wrapped up in a towel. Then wash the mask off with shampoo. The proper use of this mask promotes complete removal of dandruff and makes your hair exceptionally thick and shiny.
You need to mix the juice of one lemon with two egg yolks and add a dash of olive oil. Rub the resulting mixture into the scalp and hair roots thoroughly and be sure to leave it for half an hour. Then wash the mask out, without using shampoo. The procedure can be carried out once a week.
Mask with Sour Milk
Apply a glass of sour milk onto the scalp and hair throughout its entire length, then leave for half an hour under a thick towel. The mask should be washed off with warm water without using shampoo or conditioner. This mask can be applied 2-3 times a week and then as a preventive measure —once a month is a must.
Crush 6-8 medium garlic cloves and rub into the scalp. Leave for 2 hours, then wash out with shampoo.
Grate one medium beet and extract the juice. Rub it into the scalp an hour prior to washing. This mask is not suitable for light hair as there is a possibility that beet will color your hair.
Take 1 tbsp. vinegar per liter of water and rinse your hair after washing with this solution; then rinse it with plain cold water. The hair becomes smooth and begins to have a gorgeous shine again — especially dark colors.
Normal hair can be rinsed with diluted lemon juice — mix the juice of half a lemon with a liter of water. You will get an astonishing result — your hair will remain smooth and shiny for a long time.
A rinse made of a green tea infusion revitalizes weakened and damaged dry hair, suffering from dandruff. Brew tea (2 tbsp.) with a liter of boiling water, cool and rinse your hair after washing — it will become shining again.
Oily hair can be rinsed with milk. Dissolve salt (1 tsp.) in a glass of warm milk, rinse the hair with this solution after washing and then just wash it with warm clean water.
You will need 500 ml of boiling water, 250 ml of vinegar and 3 tablespoons of dry ramie (or 6 tablespoons of fresh). Pour boiling water over the grass and leave it to infuse for at least 10 minutes. Then add vinegar to the infusion and stir. The hair rinse with nettle is ready. Use it after washing.
You will need 1 cup of vinegar, 3 tablespoons of dry chamomile flowers, the zest of 1 lemon and 20 drops of chamomile essential oil. Put the chamomile flowers, lemon zest, vinegar and essential oil into a jar. Leave in a warm dark place for 2 weeks. Shake the jar gently on a daily basis. Then strain the infusion, using a sieve and butter cloth, and store it in a bottle up to 6 months.
The rinse is used as follows: take 2-3 tablespoons of the infusion with a jug of warm water and rinse your hair after washing with the resulting product.
If you need to make the infusion quickly, pour boiling water over 2 tablespoons of chamomile flowers, let it infuse and strain. You can use the infusion of room temperature.
Additional Methods of Treatment
Dandruff treatment should be comprehensive. Besides using natural masks, lotions and massages, use the following tips:
- Deny “chemicals” and hair colorants for some time. However, you can use plant-extracted colorants — they strengthen the hair and do not cause damage.
- When washing your hair, massage your scalp with your fingertips — it facilitates the removal of dandruff flakes of the skin surface and improves blood circulation.
- Wash all the used combs and hair picks thoroughly, every day.
You should limit the consumption of food, containing animal fats, carbohydrates, salt, and spices as well as of smoked dishes and alcohol. Your nutrition should be rich in vegetables, dairy products, and vitamins:
- If possible, dry your hair at room temperature, try to use a hairdryer as little as you can.
- Take a special complex of vitamins А, В, С, Е.
- Try to sleep at least 7 hours every night.
- Play sports and try to involve yourself in regular exercise.