It’s hardly possible to be happy, successful, and confident if your skin is not healthy and glowing, but rather can be tactfully referred to as a “problem”. Acne treatment requires a complex approach. In this article, we will talk about the basic methods of treating this unpleasant skin disease. Here are the questions we will consider:
- What is Acne
- Different Types of Acne
- Generally Accepted Tips for the Treatment of Acne
- Reviewing Strategies for Acne Treatment
- Pros and Cons of the Strategies
What is Acne
Translated from the Latin, the word “acne” means “distorted”. Acne is a skin disease that affects the sebaceous glands. In a normal situation, the secretion of sebaceous glands goes up the ducts to the skin surface and comes out through the pores.
In the case of the disease, some parts of the cells, which is called “micro-acne”, clogs the end of the gland. The bacteria “Propionibacterium acnes” are activated, where clogging and inflammation now occur, resulting in the formation of comedonal acne. The comedones can be open (blackhead) and closed (white head).
It should be noted that Propionibacterium acne and other bacteria in themselves do not cause skin diseases in the most of us — they are considered to be a part of the normal skin flora. They have a negative impact only in case of the follicle-clogging and sebaceous gland hyperactivity. So also you should understand how to prevent acne occurrence.
Different Types of Acne
There are several forms of acne, the main types are blackheads and pimples. These species are well known and are divided into several groups according to their effect and inflammation processes in the skin.
Acne can be classified according to several criteria:
- By age: adolescent acne and adult acne (late-onset). Teenage acne is characterized by pimples on the forehead, in the temporal region. Adult acne is usually in the lower part of the face.
- By allocation: Acne (pimples) may be located on the face, temples, cheeks, back, chest, forehead, chin, or nose.
- By the clinical finding: non-inflammatory acne, inflammatory acne:
- Non-inflammatory acne (blackheads) are comedones, which can be opened or closed. The comedones are the accumulation of sebum and keratin in the hair follicles. On the face, they can be seen in the form of black dots cluster, or, less often, in the form of little white humps.
- Open comedones occur when the sebum clogs the follicle entrance and uninflamed dark element is formed that is so-called black comedo. The entrance of this comedone is open.
- Closed comedones occur when the follicle is filled with sebum, but its entrance is closed and there is no exit for its content. The patients describe it as a white comedo.
- Inflammatory acne is formed when the microbes in the comedone become active. By that, the severe forms of acne may develop. Inflammatory acne is bright red and painful; it may be large and deep, and look like furuncles. Deep acne when left untreated, may result in scars.
Generally Accepted Tips for the Treatment of Acne
We offer you a number of recommendations, which will give you the information on how to get rid of acne fast.
1. Do Not Touch your Face
Probably, it is the most simple and nor the most obvious advice, but hardly anybody can resist touching their face. Most women don’t even think about how often they touch their faces. But this is what you should make a point. It is precisely your hands that transfer the harmful bacteria and dirt to your skin. During the day, it is impossible to keep track of your actions, and touching your skin is inevitable. Therefore, it is necessary to wash your hands as often as possible. Of course, this simple rule can hardly help you to get rid of acne completely, but at least, it can minimize its further formation.
2. Clean your Face
During the day, the sebum, dirt, and polluted air particles accumulate on the skin. Therefore, it is necessary to practice an appropriate hygiene system and wash your face regularly.The norm is to wash your face twice a day: in the morning and in the evening. To this, the beauticians advise using a clean towel, warm water, and an appropriate face wash for your skin type. These simple rules are very effective, and by that, you can successfully remove the impurities and bacteria on your skin. But do not use products too are too harsh on your skin as this can cause overdrying which is also undesirable.
3. Down with Depression
In some cases, acne is associated with depression. Depression is often associated with a lack of physical activity, nervous face touching, poor hygiene and, of course, a diet which affects the skin condition. Therefore, stress increases the level of cortisol hormone, which contributes to the enhanced production of sebum, which in turn causes the pores to clog, followed by acne formation. There are many ways to get rid of depression, for example, to participate in sporting activities, spend time outside in the fresh air, listen to music that makes you feel happy and be around people who bring out the best in you.
A great way to get rid of acne and at the same time to strengthen the physical, mental and emotional health is to push yourself with regular physical exercises. It is not hard at all to exercise for 30 minutes three or four times a week. Also, physical exercises activate sweating, which also helps to clean the pores and increases blood circulation which is also beneficial.
5. Suitable Clothing
Many women have a headache over acne not only on their faces but on their bodies as well. The main reason of this is the mechanical properties and the quality of the clothing material. Acne appears due to the friction of the material on the skin and its poor breathability. This is especially common when it comes to sportswear and hats. If you have such items in your wardrobe, it’s best to replace them with more high-quality clothing made of natural materials, such as cotton, or try to wear them as little as possible.
Exercise is, of course, useful, but having a shower straight afterward is vital! Some girls do not shower straight after training for some reasons, but they should! After all, during a workout, the sweat cleans off the dead skin cells. But when the sweat evaporates, these cells remain on the skin together with the salt. If you do not wash them off in time, they will clog the pores that were recently cleaned. The best way to get rid of this problem is to shower immediately after exercise using a moisturizing scrub and a loofah. By that, you will not only cleanse your skin but also help to replenish its moisture reserves that were decreased during the workout.
7. Remedies for Acne
To get rid of acne, experts advise using salicylic acid. This treatment may take up to three weeks, so you should be patient. Salicylic acid effectively cleanses the skin from the dead cells and prevents pores from clogging. But do not use this acid treatment on extremely sensitive skin open wounds or cuts. You can resume the acne treatment only after the skin is completely rehabilitated and the wounds are healed.
8. Harmful Makeup
In some cases, pimples may be caused by cosmetic products. Makeup by itself does not affect the appearance of acne, but skin redness may sometimes be a reaction to cosmetics. In this case, you should change your cosmetics for other products labeled “noncomedogenic”, which means they do not include acne-causing components. You should be patient as the effect will be noticeable only after a few weeks. On the other hand, regardless of the type of make-up, it is absolutely essential to be removed at the end of the day.
9. Treatment with Antibiotics
When all other means are insufficient, the dermatologist may prescribe antibiotics. These medicines slow down the reproduction of acne-causing bacteria or eliminate them completely. At the same time, acne treatment with antibiotics has a significant drawback — they can cause dryness and flaking of the skin; therefore the skin becomes very sensitive to the sun. Therefore, if you are prescribed to use antibiotics, you should use sunscreen to protect your skin from sunburn. There is also other side effects from these drugs to be aware of before starting this type of treatment.
Reviewing Strategies for Acne Treatment
Today, there are many options to get rid of acne. They are:
- Natural remedies
- Medicine for acne
- Procedures by Cosmetologists
We will consider all these approaches separately and see what their advantages and disadvantages are.
Natural Acne Remedies
If you have acne on your face, natural remedies may remove them even faster and more efficiently than expensive creams and lotions. However, you need to find your own panacea (through trial and error), since something that is perfect for your friend may not help you at all.
1. Oatmeal Face Wash
This is an effective means that may also prevent the appearance of blackheads. Every morning you need to do the following procedure: take a handful of oatmeal, wet it with water, and then wash your face with this mixture. Do not use soap. You should not expect an immediate result — positive changes will be seen in about a month. But the simplicity of this method and prolonged, lasting effect (with regular cleaning) make it very popular.
2. Sweet Soda
You need to take equal amounts of baking soda and sugar (1 teaspoon) and pour a glass of hot water in this mixture. Wipe your face with a cotton swab dipped into this solution and immediately wash it with soap containing neem oil. After that, put oil on your face to prevent skin overdrying and remove its remnants in an hour.
Cut an aloe leaf in half. Apply its inner part to the pimples (you may stick it with bactericidal plaster). As a result, the pus will come out by itself. After that, do not forget to wipe the problematic area with a bactericidal agent.
To dry up a pimple, you may use ordinary toothpaste. For this, you just need to take the toothpaste and apply it directly on the pimple. Do not put it on the whole face — only on the pimple! The procedure should be done at night and left on until morning.
4. Decoction of Calendula
Put 1 tablespoon of dry calendula to a glass of boiling water. Boil the mixture, cool it and rub it into the problematic skin area once a day. You can wash your face with calendula several times a day as well (for this, you need to prepare more magic potion, keeping the given proportions).
Facial Masks for Acne
1. Shilajit & Honey Face Mask
To prepare this mask, you need to dissolve 5-10 grams of shilajit in 1 teaspoon of pure water. Then, melt 1-2 teaspoons of honey in a boiling water bath and add it to the shilajit. Apply the mask for 20-25 minutes, and then wash it off with warm clean water.
2. Lassi Face Mask
Grind oatmeal into a flour consistency in a coffee grinder or blender. You will need 1 tablespoon of oat flour to 1 glass of lassi. Mix it; add 2 drops of lemon oil. Apply this mixture to your face and leave for 20 minutes. With the help of this mask, you can get rid not only of acne but also of the blackheads. The period of the treatment is one month long.
3. Persimmon Face Mask
Combine a mashed ripe persimmon and egg yolk. Add a nourishing cream (2 tablespoons) and milk (1 tablespoon), mix thoroughly. Apply the mask to your face for 25 minutes and then wash it off. This mask not only heals acne but also soothes inflamed skin.
4. Honey, Lemon & Cucumber Face Mask
Make a mixture of three tablespoons of honey and ten drops of lemon juice. Apply this mask to your face immediately after the ingredients are combined. Place thin slices of fresh cucumber over it. After 15 minutes, your skin will acquire an even color and acne areas will be significantly reduced.
5. Clay Face Mask
It is generally known that clay is an excellent anti-inflammatory agent and adsorbent. Mix high-quality fine (blue or green) clay with one egg yolk and 1 teaspoon of vegetable oil. If the substance is too runny, then gradually add there more clay, mixing it, until it has the consistency of a thick cream. Apply this mask to your face and leave for about 15 minutes and then wash it off. For the best effect, repeat this procedure 5-7 occasions over a period time.
Home Facial Peel
Another part of at-home acne treatment is high-quality facial peel. Getting rid of dead skin cells is very important because they do not let you get rid of blackheads completely. Here is a proven homemade facial scrub recipe: mix 1 tablespoon of fine-ground coffee and 1 tablespoon of sour cream, and massage your skin with this mixture for 2 minutes. Warning: Do not rub your skin too hard if you have large subcutaneous pimples! After that, wash your face with warm water. You can have this procedure once a week.
Cosmetics for Acne
Here is a short list of magic cosmetic products for acne treatment.
1. Oxford HerbExtra “Clean Face”
With regular use, the cream helps to get rid of acne without leaving scars. The components of this cream act like mild anesthetics, they relieve itching, reduce redness, swelling, and pain. Thanks to its antibacterial, antimicrobial and antifungal properties, it quickly relieves skin inflammation and eliminates bacteria and viruses that cause it. The cream also improves skin tone and makes it smoother.
2. “Biotique Winter Green Anti-Acne Cream” for Pimples & Acne Treatment
This is a highly effective product to treat acne, pimples, and other inflammatory skin diseases. It improves skin structure, making it healthier, smoother and velvety.
3. Aasha Herbals Organic Floral Facial Water “Tea Tree”
This floral facial water based on tea tree oil may become a must-have for skin care. It eliminates inflammation, scratches and sores, skin redness, burns, and acne. Which is good for narrowing pores and it has a pronounced antiseptic effect. It is a perfect product for oily and problematic skin. Aasha Herbals floral facial water has a strong toning effect on the skin, it helps to relieve inflammation, and it is especially helpful for the sensitive skin type.
4. Himalaya Herbals Purifying Neem Face Wash
This product has no synthetic soap base, meaning the skins natural oils are not taken away and it will not become awfully dry. This face wash effectively cleans the dirt from the face surface; it absorbs oil, tones the skin and has an antibacterial effect due to turmeric being in its composition. If you use neem face wash regularly, you may notice that your face obtains an overall fresher look, the number of acne and pimples become reduced, and there is no feeling of dryness and contraction.
5. Anti-inflammatory “Shahnaz Husain Shamint Lotion” with Mint Extract
The purpose of this lotion is to protect the skin from the harmful effects of air pollution, bacteria, and for the treatment of acne. It is recommended to apply it to the areas of inflammation on oily skin.
Cosmetic Procedures for Acne
Despite the strong desire to defeat acne, it happens very often that even after effective skin inflammation treatment acne appears again. Therefore, we suggest you try special cosmetic procedures. Cosmetic procedures should be used for treating acne and pimples in alliance with pills and ointments, to cure the disease to the full extent, not fractionally.
1. Ultrasonic Facial Cleansing
This salon procedure is completely painless and doesn’t have any side effects. For ultrasonic facial cleansing, no pre-treatments are needed. Afterward, you will not have the feeling of contracted skin; there will not be any skin damages or even minor injuries, not even any redness. Ultrasonic waves act like a scrub. They gently exfoliate the stubborn layer of the epidermis, so this procedure is not suitable for people with severe acne.
2. Laser Acne Treatment
The main principle of the laser acne treatment is to remove the dead cells layer from the surface of the skin. Laser beams effectively burn the dead skin cells, and due to this, its rapidly begins recovery. The renewal of the upper layers of the epidermis provokes the enhanced production of natural collagen — it is a substance that gives the skin softness and smoothness, improving its elasticity and overall skin tone. Due to this renovation of the upper layer of the skin associated with the production of collagen, the rejuvenation effect is achieved.
The procedure is peculiar steaming the face with the help of the vaporizer device. This device is a bit like a home humidifier producing a vapor. But in this case, it is the vapor with ozone. It is believed that it helps to refresh and rejuvenate aging skin. Many believe that the vaporization removes acne. Under the influence of steaming, the skin gives off the skin moisture, so the negative aspect of such a procedure is severely dehydrated skin. That is why vaporization is contraindicated for the people with an excessively dry skin type.
4. Vacuum Cleansing
Cleansing is carried out in several stages and it is absolutely painless. First, the skin is treated with a special substance that is considered harmless to humans. Its composition does not affect the acid-base balance of the skin. This is the first stage of cleaning. The next step is steaming the pores. Beauticians use a lotion instead of a vaporizer for this purpose. The lotion has a warming effect, which is beneficial for the skin and opens the pores perfectly.
Then the main stage of the procedure begins, a device with a glass nozzle is used. It works on the principle of a vacuum cleaner. The nozzle is put to the face and it begins to pull the blackheads and pimples out of the facial pores. Only the top layer of the epidermis is affected by this treatment.
This vacuum cleansing procedure does not end there, finally, the face will be moisturized and the pores need to be narrowed. For this purpose, a face mask is used.
5. Chemical Peel
This procedure is aimed at removing the surface layer of the epidermis cells. The purpose of the chemical peel is skin cleansing and to smoothen the surface. In addition, when you remove the layer of dead cells, the younger one, which are full of moisture come to the surface and the skin gets a fresh look. Unlike the other methods, the chemical peel is the most simple and it does not require expensive equipment. Peels, depending on the level of penetration and the acid impact, are divided into surface, mid-depth and deep.
Surface chemical peel results in exfoliation of surface layers of the epidermis or epidermis completely up to the papillary dermis. Mid-depth chemical peel results in a planned chemical burn with the subsequent detachment of epidermis and dermis up to the upper part of the mesh layer. Deep chemical peel is carried out using formulations containing phenol and in some cases croton oil. By this, a maximum destruction is achieved up to the mid-reticular dermis. Phenol peel eliminates inverted and atrophic scars and smoothes deep wrinkles on the face. The surface of the face becomes taut, so the effect of skin tightening is observed that can last for 5 — 8 years.
6. Plasma Therapy
This modern method can treat skin rashes very effectively. The venous blood is drawn off into a sterile tube, then it is centrifuged (spun) for a certain period of time, and then the doctor injects the separated plasma under the skin. A full course consists of 6 procedures, which are usually carried out once every 2 weeks. The effect may be seen after 2-3 procedures. This method combines excellently with other procedures. It has antibacterial, soothing, wound healing, bactericidal effects and decreases inflammation.
7. D’Arsonval (electrotherapy)
This procedure is named after physiologist Arsene D’Arsonval. It uses a charge of high-frequency current, which contributes to narrowing the blood vessels and dissolving purulent acne and stagnant spots.
Essentially, mesotherapy is a series of chemical injections. After cleansing, the procedures are carried out to restore the water balance and blood flow. Cryomassage is applied in which liquid nitrogen is used. Mesotherapy lightens the post-acne scars.
Pros & Cons of the Strategies
It is logical that each acne treatment method that we have considered above (natural remedies, cosmetics and beauty salon procedures) has both positive and negative effects on the skin and the human body. For your convenience, we have arranged this information in the following table.
|Method of acne treatment||Pros||Cons|
|Cosmetics for acne||
|Cosmetic procedures for acne||
The modern beauty industry does not rest on its laurels, so when getting rid of acne and post-acne, we can choose the best method from a wide range of the proven and safe techniques. To cure acne, watch your diet, cleanse your skin, have enough sleep, smile, use the right cosmetics and visit the beauty salons regularly.